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Dec 222017
 

The Catechism of the Church teaches us in its first lines that God “calls together all men, scattered and divided by sin, into the unity of his family, the Church” (CCC, Prologue, I.1).

God created mankind to be “His family’ but sin scattered His children and at present God is once more gathering them together through the Church, the very own Body of the Christ Who was sent to mankind. In this context, one can spotlight the importance and reality of the Church, the family of God. The Catechism also teaches us that, “to accomplish this, when the fullness of time had come, God sent his Son as Redeemer and Savior. In his Son and through him, he invites men to become, in the Holy Spirit, his adopted children and thus heirs of his blessed life” (CCC-Prologue I.1).

It is necessary to analyze these words attentively. It is through His Son that the Father rebuilds the communion between He and mankind. The Son becomes Church (the Mystical Body of Jesus Christ). We enter this Body through Baptism and we become adoptive children of God through the Holy Spirit; consequently, we are again heirs of God’s blissful life; that joyful life sin had canceled. By doing so, we can go back to Paradise.

This is the glorious history of our salvation that will be accomplished by the Church, when She is completely glorified in God. This is the reason why Saint Augustine said that:

“The Church is the reconciled world.”

Nothing is more important than knowing, loving and serving the Church with all our strength. She is Christ’s Wife and He loves Her with eternal love. He suffered Passion and shed His blood for Her. He loves Her like a passionate Husband:

“Husbands, love your wives even as Christ loved the church and handed Himself over for her” (The Letter to the Ephesians 5, 25).

These words express Jesus’ deep love for “His” Church.

Pope Paul IV, who immensely loved the Church, referred to Her like that:

“The Church! She is our constant love, our primeval solicitude and our fixed idea! … Those who do not love the Church do not love the Christ; and we do not love the Church if we do not love Her like the Lord has loved: “Christ loved the church and handed Himself over for her” (The Letter to the Ephesians 5, 25).

We can go even further and say: if you do not know the Church, you do not know the Christ; if you do not serve the Church, you do not serve the Christ; if you do not obey the Church, you do not obey the Christ; if you do not subject yourself to the Church, you do not subject yourself to the Christ; if you are not in the truth of the Church, you are not in the truth of the Christ…

Vatican Council II called Her “Lumen Gentium”, “The Light of the Nations”, because Her Light is the same Light of Jesus Christ.

Prof Felipe Aquino

Professor Felipe Aquino is a widower, father of five children. On TV Canção Nova he presents the program “Escola da Fé” [School of faith] and “Pergunte e Responderemos” [Ask and respond], on Radio he presents the program “in the heart of the Church”. On weekends he preaches deepening meetings throughout Brazil and abroad. He wrote 73 books of Catholic background by publishers, Loyola and Cleopas and Canção Nova. His teacher’s page:www.cleofas.com.br Twitter: @pfelipeaquino

 Posted by at 01:01
Dec 082017
 

(Beginning Today and continuing every Friday, Catholicismanew will present lessons from “The Church Complete” from Prof Felipe Aquino. These articles come to us from Prof Aquino in English. We hope you will enjoy our Friday lessons on the truth of the Roman Catholic Church in this powerful way of learning of the Church universal. Professor Aquino heads up Cleopas publishing in the city of Lorena, Sao Paulo state, Brazil and has graciously offered these articles for our English language readers of Catholicismanew.–ed.)

When He founded HIS Church. Jesus addressed Peter and told him: “…you are Peter, and upon this rock I will build MY church, and the gates of the netherworld shall not prevail against it” (Matthew 16, 18). With these words, Jesus made it clear that the Church is HIS property. He only spoke of one Church, not of two or more.

In fact Church is, according to God’s Will, the very Own Body of the Lord. He wanted the Church to be His Mystical Body, constituted as the “universal Sacrament for the salvation of mankind” (LG, 48); as it is stated in the Vatican Council II; the Church is the means God chose to save everybody.

The Church is the extension of Jesus’ Incarnation among human beings, to create the great family of God’s Children inside Him. “The Church is the trajectory of the Christ through centuries.” Bossuet would rather say: The Church is Jesus Christ poured and communicated onto the whole earth.” All that can be said in brief with the words of a great priest of the first century, Saint Ignatius of Antioch BM (deceased on 107 AD):

“Catholic Church lies at the place where Jesus Christ is.”

Sin has dispersed mankind since its origin, it broke the union and communion between human beings and God, interrupted the beautiful plan of love that earth paradise shows us.

God the Father created human beings for Himself, so that we could be His family; our destiny was to live in intimate communion with Him and enjoy His Blissful life. Sin – the saddest reality of all – broke up this beautiful Plan of love and “scattered” God’s children, tore His family apart and wounded God Himself. The Father thus wanted to rebuild His creation through Jesus and the Church, bringing His children back to Communion with Him. In this sense, the Official Catechism of Catholic Church estates:

“The gathering together of the Church is, as it were, God’s reaction to the chaos provoked by sin” (CCC 761).

The Catholic Church is the only one founded by Jesus Christ two thousand years ago and She has never ceased to be. There is no other institution on earth so old and so new at the same time, capable of overcoming all the persecution She has been suffering since the times of the Roman Empire. At present we have a Pope, who is the 264th Pope departing from Saint Peter. Which Institution would be capable of that? Only a divine Institution, founded by the Lord Himself.

Professor Felipe Aquino

Professor Felipe Aquino is a widower, father of five children. On TV Canção Nova he presents the program “Escola da Fé” [School of faith] and “Pergunte e Responderemos” [Ask and respond], on Radio he presents the program “in the heart of the Church”. On weekends he preaches deepening meetings throughout Brazil and abroad. He wrote 73 books of Catholic background by publishers, Loyola and Cleopas and Canção Nova. His teacher’s page:www.cleofas.com.br Twitter: @pfelipeaquino

 Posted by at 01:01
Nov 242017
 

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Saint Thomas Aquinas, Doctor of the Church, affirms that: “the Supreme Pontiff is especially guided by the inspiration of the Holy Spirit when canonizing saints.” The Church believes in that, although this fact has not been formally proclaimed as dogma.

The Church teaches truths of faith through Her Magisterium, which is classified in two dimensions:

  • ORDINARY MAGISTERIUM. These are the truths and articles of faith and morals uniformly taught by all Bishops all around the world in perfect communion with the Pope.
  • EXTRAORDINARY MAGISTERIUM. This only happens in special cases and has two expressions: definitions issued by Ecumenical (Universal) Councils and definitions issued ex-cathedra by the Supreme Pontiff. The latter happens exclusively in case there are doubts and objections concerning articles of faith.

It is worth noticing that not all dogmas of faith need formal definition by the Pope. The whole of the Creed is dogmatic. Vatican Council II clearly declared that:

“And this infallibility with which the Divine Redeemer willed His Church to be endowed in defining doctrine of faith and morals, extends as far as the deposit of Revelation extends, which must be religiously guarded and faithfully expounded” (Lumen Gentium # 25).

 

This excerpt from the Constitution Lumen Gentium clearly defines that the teachings of the Magisterium of the Church are as valid and important as the Apostolic Tradition and the Bible, when properly and correctly interpreted by the Magisterium.

The Church knows that Her mission is to continue Christ’s Mission and to teach Christ’s Truth. Vatican Council II affirms that:

“Inspired by no earthly ambition, the Church seeks but a solitary goal: to carry forward the work of Christ under the lead of the befriending Spirit. And Christ entered this world to give witness to the truth (John 18, 37), to rescue and not to sit in judgment, to serve and not to be served (Matthew 20, 28)” (Gaudium et Spes # 3).

Saint Ambrose (died 397 A.D.), the great Bishop who baptized Saint Augustine, clearly expressed the great importance of the truth of faith taught by the Church:

“In the beginning signs were given to those who did not believe. Nevertheless, in the plenitude of the Church, we ought to understand the truth. Not through signs anymore, but through faith.”

More than ever, the Church needs to give testimony of the truth, for everything points at the fact that we have finally arrived to those times announced by Saint Paul:

“For the time will come when people will not tolerate sound doctrine but, following their own desires and insatiable curiosity, will accumulate teachers and will stop listening to the truth and will be diverted to myths” (The Second Letter to Timothy 1, 3-4).

 

Saint Paul affirms that these false teachings are “false doctrines” (The First Letter to Timothy 1, 3) and “demonic instructions” (The First Letter to Timothy 4,1).

Saint Peter has alerted the first communities of the Church since the beginning of his ministry against the hazardous “sects” and false doctors that more than ever abound at present.

“There were also false prophets among the people, just as there will be false teachers among you, who will introduce destructive heresies and even deny the Master who ransomed them, bringing swift destruction on themselves” (The Second letter of Peter 2, 1).

These hazardous sects, according to the Pope, “are spreading all through South America like a big oil spill on the sea”. In order to combat them, it is necessary to evangelize all baptized Catholics so that they can know the truth Christ entrusted to His Church.

Catholics are often ignorant concerning the foundations of their own faith and are easily misled like “infants, tossed by waves and swept along by every wind of teaching arising from human trickery, from their cunning in the interests of deceitful scheming” (The Letter to the Ephesians 4, 14).

It is urgent to give “solid food” (The Letter to the Hebrews 5, 12) to God’s people, that true teaching that supports an adult faith prepared to “compete well”, “finish the race” and “keep the faith” (The Second Letter to Timothy 4, 7).

Saint John of the Cross, Saint Theresa’s companion of fight during the Protestant Reformation, left us a very strong and serious advice on the importance of having the Church as the paragon of truth revealed by God:

“Besides the truths revealed by the Church concerning the substance of our faith, there is nothing else to be revealed. Therefore, not only it is necessary to rebuke any new doctrines but also important to be cautious against news that are subtly mingled with the substance of the dogmas.”

Prof Felipe Aquino

Professor Felipe Aquino is a widower, father of five children. On TV Canção Nova he presents the program “Escola da Fé” [School of faith] and “Pergunte e Responderemos” [Ask and respond], on Radio he presents the program “in the heart of the Church”. On weekends he preaches deepening meetings throughout Brazil and abroad. He wrote 73 books of Catholic background by publishers, Loyola and Cleopas and Canção Nova. His teacher’s page:www.cleofas.com.br Twitter: @pfelipeaquino

 

 Posted by at 01:01
Nov 172017
 

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All through the History of the Church, Popes seldom felt the necessity of issuing “ex-cathedra” documents. Not all dogmas of Catholic Faith were formally and solemnly proclaimed; for example, in the Creed there are 12 Articles of Faith that did not have to be formally proclaimed because the Apostles themselves passed these articles of faith on to Christianity.

 

Let us formalize the list of Pontiff Definitions in chronological order, according to Dom Estevão Bettencourt in “Pergunte e Responderemos” Magazine (“Ask and we shall Answer You” Magazine, 1994 # 381 pages 67 to 72).

 

  1. Pope Saint Leo Magnus wrote a letter to Flavian, Bishop of Constantinople in the year 444 A.D. In that letter, the Pope formalized the healthy doctrine on the mystery of Incarnation, by affirming that: “Christ is one only Person (the Divine Person) with two natures (Divine and Human natures). The Pope also sent that letter to the Ecumenical Council of Calcedonia in the year 451 A.D. and the Clergy present at the Council considered it a definite and obligatory document of Christianity. That Document represented the Papal reaction to a heretic movement called Monophysicism.

 

  1. Pope Saint Agatho wrote a letter “to the emperors” in 680 A.D., affirming in definite character that Christ had two different wills, human and Divine wills, though his human will was totally subject to the Divine Will. By doing so, the Pope rebuked the heretic movement of Monothelitism, which affirmed that Christ only had one will, His Divine Will. The Pope sent that document to Constantinople Council III (680/681 A.D.) and the Council accepted and welcomed it with applause.

 

  1. Pope Bonifacius VIII wrote the Bull “Unam Sanctam” in the year 1302. In that document, the Pope declares, affirms, defines and proclaims that: “each and every human being is subject to the Supreme Roman Pontiff.” This sentence must be understood in the historical context of its proclamation and it means that the Pope has jurisdiction over each and every human creature “ratione peccati”, i.e. insofar the activities of an individual concern eternal life; it does not apply to administrative activities of civil governments and so on.

 

  1. Pope Benedict XII approved the Constitution “Benedictus Deus” in the year 1336. This Document defined that: pure souls can behold God’s essence face to face immediately after their physical death.

 

  1. Pope Leo X wrote the Bull “Exsurge Domine” in the year 1520, in which he condemned the 41 propositions made by Martin Luther as heretic.

 

  1. Pope Innocent X approved the Apostolic Constitution “Cum Occasione” in the year 1653. In this document, the Pope rebuked the 5 propositions of the book “Augustinus” by Cornelius Jansenius and declared these 5 propositions heretic. Jansenism (from Cornelius Jansenius) was a heresy influenced by Martin Luther’s ideas on the original sin: it supported a pessimistic concept on human nature that, according to their ideas, was enslaved to concupiscence and sin; consequently, they accepted that human beings can only do good deeds under the irresistible influx of God’s Grace. Jansenist pessimism was reinforced by the thesis that Christ did not redeem the whole of mankind but only pre-destined individuals. Pope Innocent X condemned all these heresies.

 

  1. Pope Innocent XI approved the Constitution “Caelestis Pastor” in the year 1687. In this Constitution, the Pope condemned as heretic the 68 propositions made by Miguel de Molinos (died 1696) about the Quietism, a mystical movement that associated spiritual perfection with total passiveness and tranquility of soul. According to this movement, Christians should not even desire eternal bliss or strive to achieve virtues: in that state of total passiveness, any personal trait or desire should be totally extinguished in their souls. Souls in this total state of annihilation should not sin anymore and they would not experience any further necessity of praying, of doing deeds of piety or fighting against temptation.

 

  1. Pope Innocent XII approved the Constitution “Cumm alias” in 1699. In this Constitution, the Pope condemned 23 propositions in the book “Explications des maxims des Saints sur la vie interieure” by François de Salignac Fènelon, who tried to revisit Quietism and present it as the purest love human creatures can have for God.

 

  1. Pope Clement XI approved the Constitution “Unigenitus” in 1713. In this document, the Pope condemned 101 articles of the book “Reflexionis Moralis” by Pascassio Quesnel (died 1719). This author supported Jansenism and their pessimistic ideas about human nature. It is worth noticing that during the Jansenist crisis the world witnessed the Visitation of Jesus, in the Apparitions of the Sacred Heart of Jesus (1673-1675) and the apparition of Saint Marguerite Mary Alocoque: these Apparitions reminded the world, above all, about God’s Mercy and Christ’s Love in opposition to the pessimistic view of the Jansenism.

 

  1. Pope Pius VI approved the Constitution “Auctorem Fidei” in 1794. In this document, the Pope condemned 85 heretic theses approved by the Pistoria Synod in Tuscany, 1786. These theses were an expression of the radical nationalism and despotism of the State that had thrived since the times of Phillip IV the Fair in France. Encouraged by false concepts, many French Catholic Kings pretended they were creating regional Churches but mad these churches totally independent of the Pope and subject to the King. That made the Church subject to the State in these regions. Among other things, the Pistoria Synod advocated the ban of the devotion to the Sacred Heart of Jesus, the ban of processions, images, indulgences, priest’s fees of the Mass and other religious services and the abolishment of different religious Orders and Congregations, that should be reduced to just one order, a Jansenist order.

 

  1. Pope Pius XI wrote the Bull “Ineffabilis Deus” in 1854, in which he proclaimed and defined the dogma of the Immaculate Conception of Mary.

 

  1. Pope Pius XII approved the Constitution “Munificientissimus Deus” in 1950, in which he defined and proclaimed the dogma of the Assumption of Our Lady to Heaven in body and soul.

 

It is worth noticing that all further Documents issued by the Ministry of the Church, in especial by the Pope, belong to the common Ministry of the Church and all Christians must respect and follow them, even though they are not “ex-cathedra” Documents. Vatican Council II affirmed that:

 

“Among the principal duties of bishops the preaching of the Gospel occupies an eminent place. For bishops are preachers of the faith, who lead new disciples to Christ, and they are authentic teachers, that is, teachers endowed with the authority of Christ, who preach to the people committed to them the faith they must believe and put into practice, and by the light of the Holy Spirit illustrate that faith. They bring forth from the treasury of Revelation new things and old, making it bear fruit and vigilantly warding off any errors that threaten their flock. Bishops, teaching in communion with the Roman Pontiff, are to be respected by all as witnesses to divine and Catholic truth. In matters of faith and morals, the bishops speak in the name of Christ and the faithful are to accept their teaching and adhere to it with a religious assent. This religious submission of mind and will must be shown in a special way to the authentic magisterium of the Roman Pontiff, even when he is not speaking ex cathedra; that is, it must be shown in such a way that his supreme magisterium is acknowledged with reverence, the judgments made by him are sincerely adhered to, according to his manifest mind and will. His mind and will in the matter may be known either from the character of the documents, from his frequent repetition of the same doctrine, or from his manner of speaking” (Lumen Gentium  25).

Prof Felipe Aquino

Professor Felipe Aquino is a widower, father of five children. On TV Canção Nova he presents the program “Escola da Fé” [School of faith] and “Pergunte e Responderemos” [Ask and respond], on Radio he presents the program “in the heart of the Church”. On weekends he preaches deepening meetings throughout Brazil and abroad. He wrote 73 books of Catholic background by publishers, Loyola and Cleopas and Canção Nova. His teacher’s page:www.cleofas.com.br Twitter: @pfelipeaquino

 Posted by at 01:01
Nov 102017
 

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When a Pope solemnly proclaims a dogma, which is a very rare event, the infallibility exclusively applies to the final sentence: it does not apply to pro and con arguments and conclusions that may be inferred from the dogma. There is no uniform rule to the final written composition of a Dogmatic Document: Popes have been using terms like “We proclaim”, “We define”, “We decree”, “We declare” and so on.

Pope Pius IX proclaimed the dogma of the Immaculate Conception of Mary in his Dogmatic Bull “Ineffabilis Deus” of December 8, 1854 with these words:

“We declare, decree and define that the doctrine according to which the most Blessed Virgin Mary was, from the first moment of her conception, by a singular grace and privilege of almighty God and by virtue of the merits of Jesus Christ, Savior of the human race, preserved immune from all stain of original sin, was revealed by God and therefore all Christians must constantly and firmly believe in it.”

It is worth noticing that the Pope affirmed that this piece of truth was “revealed by God”, in other words, it has always existed in the Depositary of Faith although it is not explicitly worded in the Bible.

Pope Pius XII proclaimed the dogma of the Assumption of Mary to Heaven in the Apostolic Constitution “Munificientissimus Deus” of January 11, 1950. Before 36 Cardinals, 555 Patriarchs, Bishops, Archbishops and around a million faithful, Pius XII solemnly declared that:

After having once more lifted Our beseeches to God and invoked the lights of the Holy Spirit…We proclaim, declare and define as dogma of faith revealed by God that: the Immaculate Mother of God, Forever Virgin Mary, after having finished Her earthly days, was raised to Heavenly Glory in body and soul.”

In the text above the Pope repeats the expression “revealed by God”. How can God reveal an article of faith if it is not explicitly written in the Bible? Although it is not written in the Revelation of the Gospel, it belongs to the Oral Tradition of the Church. Those who reject this Oral Tradition miss an important part of God’s Revelation to mankind and consequently will have great difficulty in understanding this process.

Some of the Papal documents do not make it clear whether or not they contain a definition “ex-cathedra”: in cases like that, theologians admit that these documents are not compulsory sentences to Christian Faith, though Christians have the serious duty of believing in these statements because of their Shepherd’s authority.

Prof Felipe Aquino

Professor Felipe Aquino is a widower, father of five children. On TV Canção Nova he presents the program “Escola da Fé” [School of faith] and “Pergunte e Responderemos” [Ask and respond], on Radio he presents the program “in the heart of the Church”. On weekends he preaches deepening meetings throughout Brazil and abroad. He wrote 73 books of Catholic background by publishers, Loyola and Cleopas and Canção Nova. His teacher’s page:www.cleofas.com.br Twitter: @pfelipeaquino

 Posted by at 01:01
Oct 272017
 

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When the Church teaches us an article of Truth of Morals, that teaching is the outcome of a long deep study and analysis of the theme. First of all and before teaching us, the Church asks for enlightenment to the Holy Spirit. The truths that the Holy Spirit unveils to the Church are sometimes difficult to understand, especially to those who did not study theology. Nevertheless, that should not be a cause of mistrust and disagreement among Christians, due to the fact that these articles of Faith and Morals are dogmas. On the contrary, each and every teaching of the Ministry of the Church should be welcomed with gratitude and happiness and put into practice right away, as if Jesus Himself had given it to us.

“Whoever listens to you listens to me. Whoever rejects you rejects me. And whoever rejects me rejects the one who sent me” (Luke 10, 16).

Unfortunately, many insecure Catholics are shaken in their faith when people from different religions deny the truths of our faith, truths that are firmly consolidated in the Church. That should encourage all Catholics to plunge into a serious study of their faith. Saint Peter affirmed to the first Christians that:

“Finally, all of you, be of one mind, sympathetic, loving toward one another, compassionate, humble. Do not return evil for evil, or insult for insult; but, on the contrary, a blessing, because to this you were called, that you might inherit a blessing. For: “Whoever would love life and see good days must keep the tongue from evil and the lips from speaking deceit, must turn from evil and do good, seek peace and follow after it. For the eyes of the Lord are on the righteous and his ears turned to their prayer, but the face of the Lord is against evildoers.” Now who is going to harm you if you are enthusiastic for what is good? But even if you should suffer because of righteousness, blessed are you. Do not be afraid or terrified with fear of them, but sanctify Christ as Lord in your hearts. Always be ready to give an explanation to anyone who asks you for a reason for your hope, but do it with gentleness and reverence, keeping your conscience clear, so that, when you are maligned, those who defame your good conduct in Christ may themselves be put to shame. For it is better to suffer for doing good, if that be the will of God, than for doing evil” (The First Letter of Peter 3, 8-17).

I want to insist on this point: even if you do not understand quite well the teachings of the Church, you should always welcome them and try to understand their meaning. Cardinal Ratzinger, Mayor of the Congregation of Faith at the Vatican, affirmed that: “dogmas are not chains but rather windows open to the infinite”. Unfortunately, some modern theologians (perhaps more modern than theologians) hastily try to challenge everlasting dogmas and even contradict their truths.

It is important to realize that infallibility does not mean impeccability. We all know that the members of the Church commit sins, most of the times against their own will. Nevertheless, that has nothing to do with the Infallibility of the Principles of the Church, which are a matter of Doctrine and not a matter of personal behavior of the members of the Church. The Church is infallible concerning the guidance She gives to her children all through the pathways of the Saving Truth. Jesus sends His Holy Spirit to His Church to guarantee that the Pope shall not make Doctrinal mistakes, when the Pope teaches ex cathedra, which means in a definite and decisive way (N.T. ex cathedra, Latin = “from the chair”, with full authority, especially of papal pronouncement). The Pope teaches Articles of Faith and Morals to the Catholics in the name of the Church and always ex cathedra. Sins belong to mankind and Grace belongs to God.

Saint Augustine teaches us not to be discouraged in face of the sins of members and children of the Church:

“Do not be misled by that, dear brothers. If you do not want to be disappointed and if you want to sincerely love one another, then know that each and every state and profession of the Church has a good amount of fakers…There are false Christians but there are also many irreproachable ones.”

The Infallibility of the Church does not apply to scientific fields like Physics, Chemistry, Mathematics, Astronomy and so on. The Church receives the assistance of the Holy Spirit exclusively in questions of Faith and Morals, which by their own nature are definite and compulsory to the Faithful. They are equivalent to the Body of Dogmas proclaimed by the Popes or Councils with the Pope. For example, Pope Pius IX proclaimed the dogma of the Immaculate Conception of Our Lady in 1854. Pope Pius XII proclaimed the dogma of the Assumption of Our Lady in body and soul to Heaven in 1950. Pope John Paul II proclaimed the priestly Orders exclusively for men in irrevocable definite character in his Apostolic Letter “Ordinatio Sacerdotalis” on May 22, 1994. Concerning the priestly Orders, the Pope settled the matter with these words:

“In order to solve any doubts concerning that most important matter, that belongs to the very constitution of the divine Church, and due to my Ministry of Confirmation to my brothers (Luke 22, 32), I declare that the Church does not have by no means the right of granting priestly Orders to women, and that this sentence must be considered as definite by all of the Faithful of the Church.”

“Then an argument broke out among them about which of them should be regarded as the greatest. He said to them, “The kings of the Gentiles lord it over them and those in authority over them are addressed as ‘Benefactors’; but among you it shall not be so. Rather, let the greatest among you be as the youngest, and the leader as the servant. For who is greater: the one seated at table or the one who serves? Is it not the one seated at table? I am among you as the one who serves. It is you who have stood by me in my trials; and I confer a kingdom on you, just as my Father has conferred one on me, that you may eat and drink at my table in my kingdom; and you will sit on thrones judging the twelve tribes of Israel.  “Simon, Simon, behold Satan has demanded to sift all of you like wheat, but I have prayed that your own faith may not fail; and once you have turned back, you must strengthen your brothers” (Luke 22, 24-32).

The question of priestly Orders in the Church is thus closed and solved forever, because we have a “definite” statement of the Pope on the matter. Unfortunately, soon after the Pope’s statement, many members of the Church manifested their disapproval. The Sacred Congregation of Faith had to make a pronunciation and affirm that this is an ex cathedra definition issued by the Pope and therefore it cannot be contradicted or re-examined.

Professor Felipe Aquino

 

Professor Felipe Aquino is a widower, father of five children. On TV Canção Nova he presents the program “Escola da Fé” [School of faith] and “Pergunte e Responderemos” [Ask and respond], on Radio he presents the program “in the heart of the Church”. On weekends he preaches deepening meetings throughout Brazil and abroad. He wrote 73 books of Catholic background by publishers, Loyola and Cleopas and Canção Nova. His teacher’s page:www.cleofas.com.br Twitter: @pfelipeaquino

 Posted by at 01:01
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