The personal Sort of the brand new Therapist Questionnaire (PST-Q) was developed because of the Fernandez-Alvarez mais aussi al

The personal Sort of the brand new Therapist Questionnaire (PST-Q) was developed because of the Fernandez-Alvarez mais aussi al

(2003), and you can was designed to assess “the brand new set of features that each and every counselor can be applied in virtually any psychotherapeutic problem, hence framing an element sitio de citas sij y soltero of the features of this new therapeutic work” (p. 117). The newest questionnaire analyzes four more proportions: flexibility-rigidity (Academic subscale), distance-intimacy (Expressive subscale), decreased engagement-greater engagement (Engagement subscale), greater focused-slim concentrated (Attentional subscale) and you can spontaneous-planned (Medical subscale). This really is a beneficial thirty six-product care about-report measure completed because of the therapists that have solutions rated on a measure anywhere between step one (complete argument)in order to eight (total arrangement). This new size indicates an examination-retest reliability out of .79, with Chronbach’s precision coefficients per subscale, the following; educational, .69; expressive, .75; engagement, .78; attentional, .80; operative, .78. Grounds Research revealed a great KMO = .756 (Get a hold of Desk step one to have alphas in the present data).

Functioning Alliance Collection-Quick Form (WAI-S)

The functional Alliance Collection (WAI), created by Horvath Greenberg (1986), is a 36 goods survey which are given so you’re able to both members and therapists that is ranked toward an excellent eight-area Likert sort of measure from1 (never)to seven (always). Tracey and you can Kokotovic (1989) advised an individual and you can counselor Operating Alliance Catalog-Short Setting (WAI-S), that contains five factors for every subscale (Task, Objective, and Thread) and you can complete WAI-S score, exhibiting higher precision with alpha levels just like, and even a lot better than the newest WAI for the therapist subscales and total mediocre scores (Activity, alpha = .83; Thread, alpha = .91; Goal, leader = .88; and Standard Alliance, alpha = .95). Get a hold of Dining table step 1 to have alphas in the present study.

Procedure Number (TL)

The strategy List size is actually adjusted off Hollis (1995), which catalogued an intensive selection of counseling and you can therapy processes symbolizing a general spectrum of philosophical bases. So you’re able to improve which extensive checklist according to techniques made use of particularly by cognitive behavioural and you can constructivist therapy orientations, we hired guidance therapy scholar children to read through the entire range of 108 medication techniques and rates the latest extent to which for every strategy is used by each therapeutic strategy (intellectual behavioural and you can constructivist), using a beneficial 5-part Likert sort of level from (Never ever otherwise Hardly ever) to 5 (Always or More often than not).


Sixteen counseling psychology graduate students participated in these ratings (six men, 10 women), with the Mage = (SD = 2.67). Results of a paired differences analysis for all 108 items indicated that there were 77 techniques rated as being used with significantly differential frequency by cognitive behavioral and constructivist therapies. We then divided this distribution of 77 techniques into quartiles and retained the top and bottom quartiles. This resulted in 20 cognitive behavioral techniques (e.g.advice giving, rational restructuring) and 20 constructivist techniques (e.g. emotional processing, reflection) that were rated most significantly different (cognitive behavioral vs. constructivist). This final list of 40 items of therapy techniques (20 cognitive behavioral techniques; 20 constructivist techniques) was used in the current study.

These types of 40 factors was indeed listed alphabetically and you can users was in fact asked in order to speed the fresh new extent that they use for each and every method within habit of procedures together good 5-area level from just one (Never otherwise Almost never)in order to 5 (Always otherwise Always). This new ratings of the 20 rationalist circumstances have been summed and you may good suggest is actually computed so you’re able to reflect the common regularity of employing rationalist treatments (it is possible to variety = 1-5), and the same process was applied when it comes to the 20 constructivist treatments.

The fresh new brutal data was utilized in order to perform an effective confirmatory factor analysis on Techniques Listing measure. The current analysis is actually tested for multiple-variate normalcy in addition to assumptions have been fulfilled. The kurtosis prices with the parameters fell between step one and –step 1 details except constructivist things 12, thirteen, 16, and you may 20 and you may cognitive behavioral product step three, which had good kurtosis values between dos and –dos. Thus, this type of four facts was indeed taken out of this new size prior to powering the fresh new confirmatory basis research.