(2003), and was created to assess “brand new selection of characteristics that each and every therapist is applicable in just about any psychotherapeutic condition, thus framing part of the attributes of the healing act” (p. 117). The new questionnaire assesses five other proportions: flexibility-tightness (Educational subscale), distance-closeness (Expressive subscale), cheaper wedding-greater involvement (Engagement subscale), broad focused-thin concentrated (Attentional subscale) and spontaneous-arranged (Medical subscale). It is a thirty-six-item self-report scale completed of the therapists that have solutions ranked toward an effective size ranging from step one (full disagreement)in order to seven (total arrangement). The newest level has shown an examination-retest precision regarding .79, that have Chronbach’s accuracy coefficients for each subscale, as follows; academic, .69; expressive, .75; engagement, .78; attentional, .80; medical, .78. Factor Investigation revealed a beneficial KMO = .756 (Discover Desk 1 getting alphas in the present study).
Operating Alliance List-Short Means (WAI-S)
The working Alliance Collection (WAI), created by Horvath Greenberg (1986), is actually an excellent thirty six items questionnaire that is certainly given to help you both subscribers and you can therapists which will be ranked on the good 7-section Likert type measure from1 (never)so you’re able to 7 (always). Tracey and you will Kokotovic (1989) recommended a client and you may specialist Functioning Alliance List-Brief Means (WAI-S), which contains five affairs each subscale (Activity, Purpose, and you can Bond) and you may full WAI-S ratings, appearing large reliability having leader membership like, and also much better than this new WAI to the therapist subscales and you will full average scores (Activity, alpha = .83; Thread, leader = .91; Mission, leader = .88; and you can General Alliance, leader = .95). Find Dining table step 1 getting alphas in the current study.
Techniques Checklist (TL)
The techniques Listing level is actually adjusted out of Hollis (1995), exactly who catalogued a comprehensive range of guidance and you will therapy process representing a general spectrum of philosophical basics. So you’re able to hone so it extensive listing centered on procedure made use of particularly from the cognitive behavioral and you may constructivist treatment orientations, i employed guidance therapy scholar students to learn the total set of 108 therapy procedure and you may speed the the total amount to which for every single strategy is used by for each healing approach (cognitive behavioural and you can constructivist), having fun with a 5-point Likert sort of measure from just one (Never or Rarely) so you can 5 (Always otherwise Always).
Sixteen counseling psychology graduate students participated in these ratings (six men, 10 women), with the Mage = (SD = 2.67). Results of a paired differences analysis for all 108 items indicated that there were 77 techniques rated as being used with significantly differential frequency by cognitive behavioral and constructivist therapies. We then divided this distribution of 77 techniques into quartiles and retained the top and bottom quartiles. This resulted in 20 cognitive behavioral techniques (e.g.advice giving, rational restructuring) and 20 constructivist techniques (e.g. emotional processing, reflection) that were rated most significantly different (cognitive behavioral vs. constructivist). This final list of 40 items of therapy techniques (20 cognitive behavioral techniques; 20 constructivist techniques) was used in the current study.
Such 40 products were detailed alphabetically and you will members was in fact questioned so you’re able to speed the the quantity to which they normally use for every single technique in their practice of cures along a 5-point scale from 1 (Never or Rarely)so you can 5 (Constantly or Typically). The fresh studies of 20 rationalist issues was in fact summed and a beneficial imply is actually computed so you can mirror the typical regularity of utilizing rationalist interventions (it is possible to assortment = 1-5), together with same techniques was utilized in relation to the latest 20 constructivist interventions.
The latest brutal data was used to run an effective confirmatory foundation research with the Techniques List measure. The current investigation is checked to own multiple-variate normalcy and presumptions was basically fulfilled. All the kurtosis prices to the parameters dropped anywhere between step 1 and –step 1 variables but constructivist points twelve, 13, 16, and 20 and you can cognitive behavioural item 3, which in fact had a good kurtosis beliefs ranging from 2 and –dos. For that reason, these five points was indeed taken out of new measure before powering brand new confirmatory basis research.