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Jan 192018
 

Biblical texts concerning the role of the Apostles and Peter in the Church make it clear that Jesus wanted a structured and juridical Church under the guidance of Supreme Shepherd Peter; He did not want, as many people do, a mere spiritual community gathered by faith and love. Catechist affirms that the Church is “both visible and spiritual” (CCC  770) and also that

 

“The Lord Jesus endowed his community with a structure that will remain until the Kingdom is fully achieved” (CCC  765).

 

Jesus was aware that His Church would last long on Earth until the complete fulfillment of Her Mission: gathering the whole of mankind in God. Parables about the Church show that. The Parable of the Weeds among the Wheat (Matthew 13, 24-30) shows that believers and sinners will live together in the Church until the end of times. The Parable of the Mustard Seed (Matthew 13, 31-32) also points at the long journey and the long time taken to build the Church on earth in a permanent enduring way.

 

“It is the smallest of all seeds, yet when full-grown it is the largest of plants. It becomes a large bush, and the ‘birds of the sky come and dwell in its branches’” (Matthew 13, 32).

 

The Kingdom of God [the Church] is also compared to a net that is thrown into the sea, “which collects fish of every kind. When it is full they haul it ashore and sit down to put what is good into buckets. What is bad they throw away” (Matthew 13, 47-49). This passage also shows that the Church shall endure until the end of times, because Jesus estates that only then the separation will be made:

 

“Thus it will be at the end of the age. The angels will go out and separate the wicked from the righteous and throw them into the fiery furnace, and there will be wailing and grinding of teeth”.

 

 

Also in the Parable of the Feast (Matthew 9,15) and the Parable of the Yeast (Matthew 13, 33) show that the Church has a long mission that demands patience to be accomplished until the total fulfillment of times.

The Church, therefore, is not a mere “Society of Friends of Jesus and the Gospel”: She is much more than that, She is an Institution created by Jesus Himself, integrated to Him, His own Body, so that She is Jesus’ continuation in the history of mankind. She gathers human beings together in Him, to take them back to their Father’s House.

Prof Felipe Aquino

Professor Felipe Aquino is a widower, father of five children. On TV Canção Nova he presents the program “Escola da Fé” [School of faith] and “Pergunte e Responderemos” [Ask and respond], on Radio he presents the program “in the heart of the Church”. On weekends he preaches deepening meetings throughout Brazil and abroad. He wrote 73 books of Catholic background by publishers, Loyola and Cleopas and Canção Nova. His teacher’s page:www.cleofas.com.br Twitter: @pfelipeaquino

 Posted by at 01:01
Jan 122018
 

The Church is direct consequence of the Mystery of Incarnation and its continuation.

Many people want to say YES to the Christ and NO to the Church though this attitude affects the very identity of Christianity. The Church and Her directives were instituted by the will of the Christ as the continuation of the Word of God Made Flesh; as such, the Church became the privileged meeting point between mankind and the Christ, and consequently between mankind and the Father.

People who ask: “Why the Church?” make the same mistake of those who ask: “Why the Christ?” Christ came from the Father and left His Church on earth to mankind. The Father sent Jesus in order to save the world, and the Christ in His turn sent the Church to mankind. “As the Father has sent me, so I send you” (John, 20, 21).

Many people want the Church to be a “modern democracy” wherein all issues are decided by the will of the majority. The Church would therefore be a great Religious Club, with easily assimilated and “flexible” rules. The consequence – and the big mistake – is that men in that case would be guided exclusively by themselves and not by God. “The Church of the living God” (1 Timothy 3,15) would not exist anymore.

The fact that the Sacred Tradition originated in the Christ and the Apostles guides the Church is the guarantee that Jesus Himself, present in the Church, guides Her.

The first “Sacrament”, the foundation, is the Most Sacred Humanity of Jesus Christ, through which (His acts and words) God poured His grace over mankind. The Church is the continuation of that “Sacrament”; that is the reason why Saint Paul calls the Church “The Body of the Christ” (Colossians 1, 24).

The ultimate expressions of that Sacrament “Christ – Church” are the seven Sacraments that lead men toward salvation, from birth to death. There can be no Sacrament without the Church; hence there can be no salvation. One can thus clearly infer that the Church is as essential to Christianity as the mystery of the Incarnation of God’s Word.

Christianity without the Church instituted by the Christ (Matthew 16,16) onto Peter and the Apostles is equivalent to a mutilated Christ, a beheaded Christ…

This Church is the only and unique Church: it is the Catholic (which means Universal) Apostolic and Roman Church.

Professor Felipe Aquino é viuvo, pai de cinco filhos. Na TV Canção Nova, apresenta o programa “Escola da Fé” e “Pergunte e Responderemos”, na Rádio apresenta o programa “No Coração da Igreja”. Nos finais de semana prega encontros de aprofundamento em todo o Brasil e no exterior. Escreveu 73 livros de formação católica pelas editoras Cléofas, Loyola e Canção Nova. Página do professor: www.cleofas.com.br Twitter: @pfelipeaquino

 Posted by at 01:01
Jan 052018
 

It is important to clearly understand that God decided to establish His Kingdom among us through His Church. Vatican Council II, “Lumen Gentium” teaches us that the Church has “the mission to proclaim and to spread among all peoples the Kingdom of Christ and of God and to be, on earth, the initial budding forth of that kingdom” (LG 5). In other words, there is no Kingdom of God without the Church. Therefore the Church is not something dispensable, She is fundamental.

According to Saint Augustine’s words, “the Church received the keys to the Kingdom of Heaven so that She can accomplish the forgiveness of all sins through the Blood of the Christ and the Action of the Holy Spirit. Our souls were dead because of sin; even though they can now revive in the Church”.

The Catechism of the Catholic Church shows all the beauty, reality, mission and identity of the Church and teaches us that the Church:

  • Is “a Plan born in the Father’s Heart” (CCC, 759);
  • Was “foreshadowed from the world’s beginning” (CCC, 760);
  • Was “prepared for in the Old Covenant” (CCC, 761);
  • Was “instituted by Jesus Christ” (CCC, 763);
  • Is “revealed by the Holy Spirit” (CCC, 767);
  • Will be “perfected in glory” (CCC, 769);
  • Is the “mystery of men’s union with God” (CCC, 772);
  • Is “the Universal Sacrament of Salvation” (CCC, 774);
  • Is “the Body of Christ” (CCC, 787);
  • Is “the Bride of Christ” (CCC, 796);
  • Is “the Temple of the Holy Spirit” (CCC, 797);
  • Is “the People of God” (CCC, 781).

 

All these expressions have a vast meaning and you should know them in depth.

Some people ask: “why do we need a Church? Is it not enough to have faith in Jesus Christ?”

The answer for that question is that Jesus Himself wanted the Church as the continuation of His Redeeming Presence amidst men. He gave us the Church and the Creed as a guarantee that we are not merely following our own common sense or an undefined anonymous religiosity: we are walking along the pathways of God.

Prof Felipe Aquino

Professor Felipe Aquino is a widower, father of five children. On TV Canção Nova he presents the program “Escola da Fé” [School of faith] and “Pergunte e Responderemos” [Ask and respond], on Radio he presents the program “in the heart of the Church”. On weekends he preaches deepening meetings throughout Brazil and abroad. He wrote 73 books of Catholic background by publishers, Loyola and Cleopas and Canção Nova. His teacher’s page:www.cleofas.com.br Twitter: @pfelipeaquino

 Posted by at 01:01
Dec 222017
 

The Catechism of the Church teaches us in its first lines that God “calls together all men, scattered and divided by sin, into the unity of his family, the Church” (CCC, Prologue, I.1).

God created mankind to be “His family’ but sin scattered His children and at present God is once more gathering them together through the Church, the very own Body of the Christ Who was sent to mankind. In this context, one can spotlight the importance and reality of the Church, the family of God. The Catechism also teaches us that, “to accomplish this, when the fullness of time had come, God sent his Son as Redeemer and Savior. In his Son and through him, he invites men to become, in the Holy Spirit, his adopted children and thus heirs of his blessed life” (CCC-Prologue I.1).

It is necessary to analyze these words attentively. It is through His Son that the Father rebuilds the communion between He and mankind. The Son becomes Church (the Mystical Body of Jesus Christ). We enter this Body through Baptism and we become adoptive children of God through the Holy Spirit; consequently, we are again heirs of God’s blissful life; that joyful life sin had canceled. By doing so, we can go back to Paradise.

This is the glorious history of our salvation that will be accomplished by the Church, when She is completely glorified in God. This is the reason why Saint Augustine said that:

“The Church is the reconciled world.”

Nothing is more important than knowing, loving and serving the Church with all our strength. She is Christ’s Wife and He loves Her with eternal love. He suffered Passion and shed His blood for Her. He loves Her like a passionate Husband:

“Husbands, love your wives even as Christ loved the church and handed Himself over for her” (The Letter to the Ephesians 5, 25).

These words express Jesus’ deep love for “His” Church.

Pope Paul IV, who immensely loved the Church, referred to Her like that:

“The Church! She is our constant love, our primeval solicitude and our fixed idea! … Those who do not love the Church do not love the Christ; and we do not love the Church if we do not love Her like the Lord has loved: “Christ loved the church and handed Himself over for her” (The Letter to the Ephesians 5, 25).

We can go even further and say: if you do not know the Church, you do not know the Christ; if you do not serve the Church, you do not serve the Christ; if you do not obey the Church, you do not obey the Christ; if you do not subject yourself to the Church, you do not subject yourself to the Christ; if you are not in the truth of the Church, you are not in the truth of the Christ…

Vatican Council II called Her “Lumen Gentium”, “The Light of the Nations”, because Her Light is the same Light of Jesus Christ.

Prof Felipe Aquino

Professor Felipe Aquino is a widower, father of five children. On TV Canção Nova he presents the program “Escola da Fé” [School of faith] and “Pergunte e Responderemos” [Ask and respond], on Radio he presents the program “in the heart of the Church”. On weekends he preaches deepening meetings throughout Brazil and abroad. He wrote 73 books of Catholic background by publishers, Loyola and Cleopas and Canção Nova. His teacher’s page:www.cleofas.com.br Twitter: @pfelipeaquino

 Posted by at 01:01
Dec 082017
 

(Beginning Today and continuing every Friday, Catholicismanew will present lessons from “The Church Complete” from Prof Felipe Aquino. These articles come to us from Prof Aquino in English. We hope you will enjoy our Friday lessons on the truth of the Roman Catholic Church in this powerful way of learning of the Church universal. Professor Aquino heads up Cleopas publishing in the city of Lorena, Sao Paulo state, Brazil and has graciously offered these articles for our English language readers of Catholicismanew.–ed.)

When He founded HIS Church. Jesus addressed Peter and told him: “…you are Peter, and upon this rock I will build MY church, and the gates of the netherworld shall not prevail against it” (Matthew 16, 18). With these words, Jesus made it clear that the Church is HIS property. He only spoke of one Church, not of two or more.

In fact Church is, according to God’s Will, the very Own Body of the Lord. He wanted the Church to be His Mystical Body, constituted as the “universal Sacrament for the salvation of mankind” (LG, 48); as it is stated in the Vatican Council II; the Church is the means God chose to save everybody.

The Church is the extension of Jesus’ Incarnation among human beings, to create the great family of God’s Children inside Him. “The Church is the trajectory of the Christ through centuries.” Bossuet would rather say: The Church is Jesus Christ poured and communicated onto the whole earth.” All that can be said in brief with the words of a great priest of the first century, Saint Ignatius of Antioch BM (deceased on 107 AD):

“Catholic Church lies at the place where Jesus Christ is.”

Sin has dispersed mankind since its origin, it broke the union and communion between human beings and God, interrupted the beautiful plan of love that earth paradise shows us.

God the Father created human beings for Himself, so that we could be His family; our destiny was to live in intimate communion with Him and enjoy His Blissful life. Sin – the saddest reality of all – broke up this beautiful Plan of love and “scattered” God’s children, tore His family apart and wounded God Himself. The Father thus wanted to rebuild His creation through Jesus and the Church, bringing His children back to Communion with Him. In this sense, the Official Catechism of Catholic Church estates:

“The gathering together of the Church is, as it were, God’s reaction to the chaos provoked by sin” (CCC 761).

The Catholic Church is the only one founded by Jesus Christ two thousand years ago and She has never ceased to be. There is no other institution on earth so old and so new at the same time, capable of overcoming all the persecution She has been suffering since the times of the Roman Empire. At present we have a Pope, who is the 264th Pope departing from Saint Peter. Which Institution would be capable of that? Only a divine Institution, founded by the Lord Himself.

Professor Felipe Aquino

Professor Felipe Aquino is a widower, father of five children. On TV Canção Nova he presents the program “Escola da Fé” [School of faith] and “Pergunte e Responderemos” [Ask and respond], on Radio he presents the program “in the heart of the Church”. On weekends he preaches deepening meetings throughout Brazil and abroad. He wrote 73 books of Catholic background by publishers, Loyola and Cleopas and Canção Nova. His teacher’s page:www.cleofas.com.br Twitter: @pfelipeaquino

 Posted by at 01:01
Nov 242017
 

Saint Peter's Square from the dome v2.jpg
CC BY-SA 3.0, Link

Saint Thomas Aquinas, Doctor of the Church, affirms that: “the Supreme Pontiff is especially guided by the inspiration of the Holy Spirit when canonizing saints.” The Church believes in that, although this fact has not been formally proclaimed as dogma.

The Church teaches truths of faith through Her Magisterium, which is classified in two dimensions:

  • ORDINARY MAGISTERIUM. These are the truths and articles of faith and morals uniformly taught by all Bishops all around the world in perfect communion with the Pope.
  • EXTRAORDINARY MAGISTERIUM. This only happens in special cases and has two expressions: definitions issued by Ecumenical (Universal) Councils and definitions issued ex-cathedra by the Supreme Pontiff. The latter happens exclusively in case there are doubts and objections concerning articles of faith.

It is worth noticing that not all dogmas of faith need formal definition by the Pope. The whole of the Creed is dogmatic. Vatican Council II clearly declared that:

“And this infallibility with which the Divine Redeemer willed His Church to be endowed in defining doctrine of faith and morals, extends as far as the deposit of Revelation extends, which must be religiously guarded and faithfully expounded” (Lumen Gentium # 25).

 

This excerpt from the Constitution Lumen Gentium clearly defines that the teachings of the Magisterium of the Church are as valid and important as the Apostolic Tradition and the Bible, when properly and correctly interpreted by the Magisterium.

The Church knows that Her mission is to continue Christ’s Mission and to teach Christ’s Truth. Vatican Council II affirms that:

“Inspired by no earthly ambition, the Church seeks but a solitary goal: to carry forward the work of Christ under the lead of the befriending Spirit. And Christ entered this world to give witness to the truth (John 18, 37), to rescue and not to sit in judgment, to serve and not to be served (Matthew 20, 28)” (Gaudium et Spes # 3).

Saint Ambrose (died 397 A.D.), the great Bishop who baptized Saint Augustine, clearly expressed the great importance of the truth of faith taught by the Church:

“In the beginning signs were given to those who did not believe. Nevertheless, in the plenitude of the Church, we ought to understand the truth. Not through signs anymore, but through faith.”

More than ever, the Church needs to give testimony of the truth, for everything points at the fact that we have finally arrived to those times announced by Saint Paul:

“For the time will come when people will not tolerate sound doctrine but, following their own desires and insatiable curiosity, will accumulate teachers and will stop listening to the truth and will be diverted to myths” (The Second Letter to Timothy 1, 3-4).

 

Saint Paul affirms that these false teachings are “false doctrines” (The First Letter to Timothy 1, 3) and “demonic instructions” (The First Letter to Timothy 4,1).

Saint Peter has alerted the first communities of the Church since the beginning of his ministry against the hazardous “sects” and false doctors that more than ever abound at present.

“There were also false prophets among the people, just as there will be false teachers among you, who will introduce destructive heresies and even deny the Master who ransomed them, bringing swift destruction on themselves” (The Second letter of Peter 2, 1).

These hazardous sects, according to the Pope, “are spreading all through South America like a big oil spill on the sea”. In order to combat them, it is necessary to evangelize all baptized Catholics so that they can know the truth Christ entrusted to His Church.

Catholics are often ignorant concerning the foundations of their own faith and are easily misled like “infants, tossed by waves and swept along by every wind of teaching arising from human trickery, from their cunning in the interests of deceitful scheming” (The Letter to the Ephesians 4, 14).

It is urgent to give “solid food” (The Letter to the Hebrews 5, 12) to God’s people, that true teaching that supports an adult faith prepared to “compete well”, “finish the race” and “keep the faith” (The Second Letter to Timothy 4, 7).

Saint John of the Cross, Saint Theresa’s companion of fight during the Protestant Reformation, left us a very strong and serious advice on the importance of having the Church as the paragon of truth revealed by God:

“Besides the truths revealed by the Church concerning the substance of our faith, there is nothing else to be revealed. Therefore, not only it is necessary to rebuke any new doctrines but also important to be cautious against news that are subtly mingled with the substance of the dogmas.”

Prof Felipe Aquino

Professor Felipe Aquino is a widower, father of five children. On TV Canção Nova he presents the program “Escola da Fé” [School of faith] and “Pergunte e Responderemos” [Ask and respond], on Radio he presents the program “in the heart of the Church”. On weekends he preaches deepening meetings throughout Brazil and abroad. He wrote 73 books of Catholic background by publishers, Loyola and Cleopas and Canção Nova. His teacher’s page:www.cleofas.com.br Twitter: @pfelipeaquino

 

 Posted by at 01:01
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