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Nov 242017
 

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Saint Thomas Aquinas, Doctor of the Church, affirms that: “the Supreme Pontiff is especially guided by the inspiration of the Holy Spirit when canonizing saints.” The Church believes in that, although this fact has not been formally proclaimed as dogma.

The Church teaches truths of faith through Her Magisterium, which is classified in two dimensions:

  • ORDINARY MAGISTERIUM. These are the truths and articles of faith and morals uniformly taught by all Bishops all around the world in perfect communion with the Pope.
  • EXTRAORDINARY MAGISTERIUM. This only happens in special cases and has two expressions: definitions issued by Ecumenical (Universal) Councils and definitions issued ex-cathedra by the Supreme Pontiff. The latter happens exclusively in case there are doubts and objections concerning articles of faith.

It is worth noticing that not all dogmas of faith need formal definition by the Pope. The whole of the Creed is dogmatic. Vatican Council II clearly declared that:

“And this infallibility with which the Divine Redeemer willed His Church to be endowed in defining doctrine of faith and morals, extends as far as the deposit of Revelation extends, which must be religiously guarded and faithfully expounded” (Lumen Gentium # 25).

 

This excerpt from the Constitution Lumen Gentium clearly defines that the teachings of the Magisterium of the Church are as valid and important as the Apostolic Tradition and the Bible, when properly and correctly interpreted by the Magisterium.

The Church knows that Her mission is to continue Christ’s Mission and to teach Christ’s Truth. Vatican Council II affirms that:

“Inspired by no earthly ambition, the Church seeks but a solitary goal: to carry forward the work of Christ under the lead of the befriending Spirit. And Christ entered this world to give witness to the truth (John 18, 37), to rescue and not to sit in judgment, to serve and not to be served (Matthew 20, 28)” (Gaudium et Spes # 3).

Saint Ambrose (died 397 A.D.), the great Bishop who baptized Saint Augustine, clearly expressed the great importance of the truth of faith taught by the Church:

“In the beginning signs were given to those who did not believe. Nevertheless, in the plenitude of the Church, we ought to understand the truth. Not through signs anymore, but through faith.”

More than ever, the Church needs to give testimony of the truth, for everything points at the fact that we have finally arrived to those times announced by Saint Paul:

“For the time will come when people will not tolerate sound doctrine but, following their own desires and insatiable curiosity, will accumulate teachers and will stop listening to the truth and will be diverted to myths” (The Second Letter to Timothy 1, 3-4).

 

Saint Paul affirms that these false teachings are “false doctrines” (The First Letter to Timothy 1, 3) and “demonic instructions” (The First Letter to Timothy 4,1).

Saint Peter has alerted the first communities of the Church since the beginning of his ministry against the hazardous “sects” and false doctors that more than ever abound at present.

“There were also false prophets among the people, just as there will be false teachers among you, who will introduce destructive heresies and even deny the Master who ransomed them, bringing swift destruction on themselves” (The Second letter of Peter 2, 1).

These hazardous sects, according to the Pope, “are spreading all through South America like a big oil spill on the sea”. In order to combat them, it is necessary to evangelize all baptized Catholics so that they can know the truth Christ entrusted to His Church.

Catholics are often ignorant concerning the foundations of their own faith and are easily misled like “infants, tossed by waves and swept along by every wind of teaching arising from human trickery, from their cunning in the interests of deceitful scheming” (The Letter to the Ephesians 4, 14).

It is urgent to give “solid food” (The Letter to the Hebrews 5, 12) to God’s people, that true teaching that supports an adult faith prepared to “compete well”, “finish the race” and “keep the faith” (The Second Letter to Timothy 4, 7).

Saint John of the Cross, Saint Theresa’s companion of fight during the Protestant Reformation, left us a very strong and serious advice on the importance of having the Church as the paragon of truth revealed by God:

“Besides the truths revealed by the Church concerning the substance of our faith, there is nothing else to be revealed. Therefore, not only it is necessary to rebuke any new doctrines but also important to be cautious against news that are subtly mingled with the substance of the dogmas.”

Prof Felipe Aquino

Professor Felipe Aquino is a widower, father of five children. On TV Canção Nova he presents the program “Escola da Fé” [School of faith] and “Pergunte e Responderemos” [Ask and respond], on Radio he presents the program “in the heart of the Church”. On weekends he preaches deepening meetings throughout Brazil and abroad. He wrote 73 books of Catholic background by publishers, Loyola and Cleopas and Canção Nova. His teacher’s page:www.cleofas.com.br Twitter: @pfelipeaquino

 

 Posted by at 01:01
Nov 172017
 

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All through the History of the Church, Popes seldom felt the necessity of issuing “ex-cathedra” documents. Not all dogmas of Catholic Faith were formally and solemnly proclaimed; for example, in the Creed there are 12 Articles of Faith that did not have to be formally proclaimed because the Apostles themselves passed these articles of faith on to Christianity.

 

Let us formalize the list of Pontiff Definitions in chronological order, according to Dom Estevão Bettencourt in “Pergunte e Responderemos” Magazine (“Ask and we shall Answer You” Magazine, 1994 # 381 pages 67 to 72).

 

  1. Pope Saint Leo Magnus wrote a letter to Flavian, Bishop of Constantinople in the year 444 A.D. In that letter, the Pope formalized the healthy doctrine on the mystery of Incarnation, by affirming that: “Christ is one only Person (the Divine Person) with two natures (Divine and Human natures). The Pope also sent that letter to the Ecumenical Council of Calcedonia in the year 451 A.D. and the Clergy present at the Council considered it a definite and obligatory document of Christianity. That Document represented the Papal reaction to a heretic movement called Monophysicism.

 

  1. Pope Saint Agatho wrote a letter “to the emperors” in 680 A.D., affirming in definite character that Christ had two different wills, human and Divine wills, though his human will was totally subject to the Divine Will. By doing so, the Pope rebuked the heretic movement of Monothelitism, which affirmed that Christ only had one will, His Divine Will. The Pope sent that document to Constantinople Council III (680/681 A.D.) and the Council accepted and welcomed it with applause.

 

  1. Pope Bonifacius VIII wrote the Bull “Unam Sanctam” in the year 1302. In that document, the Pope declares, affirms, defines and proclaims that: “each and every human being is subject to the Supreme Roman Pontiff.” This sentence must be understood in the historical context of its proclamation and it means that the Pope has jurisdiction over each and every human creature “ratione peccati”, i.e. insofar the activities of an individual concern eternal life; it does not apply to administrative activities of civil governments and so on.

 

  1. Pope Benedict XII approved the Constitution “Benedictus Deus” in the year 1336. This Document defined that: pure souls can behold God’s essence face to face immediately after their physical death.

 

  1. Pope Leo X wrote the Bull “Exsurge Domine” in the year 1520, in which he condemned the 41 propositions made by Martin Luther as heretic.

 

  1. Pope Innocent X approved the Apostolic Constitution “Cum Occasione” in the year 1653. In this document, the Pope rebuked the 5 propositions of the book “Augustinus” by Cornelius Jansenius and declared these 5 propositions heretic. Jansenism (from Cornelius Jansenius) was a heresy influenced by Martin Luther’s ideas on the original sin: it supported a pessimistic concept on human nature that, according to their ideas, was enslaved to concupiscence and sin; consequently, they accepted that human beings can only do good deeds under the irresistible influx of God’s Grace. Jansenist pessimism was reinforced by the thesis that Christ did not redeem the whole of mankind but only pre-destined individuals. Pope Innocent X condemned all these heresies.

 

  1. Pope Innocent XI approved the Constitution “Caelestis Pastor” in the year 1687. In this Constitution, the Pope condemned as heretic the 68 propositions made by Miguel de Molinos (died 1696) about the Quietism, a mystical movement that associated spiritual perfection with total passiveness and tranquility of soul. According to this movement, Christians should not even desire eternal bliss or strive to achieve virtues: in that state of total passiveness, any personal trait or desire should be totally extinguished in their souls. Souls in this total state of annihilation should not sin anymore and they would not experience any further necessity of praying, of doing deeds of piety or fighting against temptation.

 

  1. Pope Innocent XII approved the Constitution “Cumm alias” in 1699. In this Constitution, the Pope condemned 23 propositions in the book “Explications des maxims des Saints sur la vie interieure” by François de Salignac Fènelon, who tried to revisit Quietism and present it as the purest love human creatures can have for God.

 

  1. Pope Clement XI approved the Constitution “Unigenitus” in 1713. In this document, the Pope condemned 101 articles of the book “Reflexionis Moralis” by Pascassio Quesnel (died 1719). This author supported Jansenism and their pessimistic ideas about human nature. It is worth noticing that during the Jansenist crisis the world witnessed the Visitation of Jesus, in the Apparitions of the Sacred Heart of Jesus (1673-1675) and the apparition of Saint Marguerite Mary Alocoque: these Apparitions reminded the world, above all, about God’s Mercy and Christ’s Love in opposition to the pessimistic view of the Jansenism.

 

  1. Pope Pius VI approved the Constitution “Auctorem Fidei” in 1794. In this document, the Pope condemned 85 heretic theses approved by the Pistoria Synod in Tuscany, 1786. These theses were an expression of the radical nationalism and despotism of the State that had thrived since the times of Phillip IV the Fair in France. Encouraged by false concepts, many French Catholic Kings pretended they were creating regional Churches but mad these churches totally independent of the Pope and subject to the King. That made the Church subject to the State in these regions. Among other things, the Pistoria Synod advocated the ban of the devotion to the Sacred Heart of Jesus, the ban of processions, images, indulgences, priest’s fees of the Mass and other religious services and the abolishment of different religious Orders and Congregations, that should be reduced to just one order, a Jansenist order.

 

  1. Pope Pius XI wrote the Bull “Ineffabilis Deus” in 1854, in which he proclaimed and defined the dogma of the Immaculate Conception of Mary.

 

  1. Pope Pius XII approved the Constitution “Munificientissimus Deus” in 1950, in which he defined and proclaimed the dogma of the Assumption of Our Lady to Heaven in body and soul.

 

It is worth noticing that all further Documents issued by the Ministry of the Church, in especial by the Pope, belong to the common Ministry of the Church and all Christians must respect and follow them, even though they are not “ex-cathedra” Documents. Vatican Council II affirmed that:

 

“Among the principal duties of bishops the preaching of the Gospel occupies an eminent place. For bishops are preachers of the faith, who lead new disciples to Christ, and they are authentic teachers, that is, teachers endowed with the authority of Christ, who preach to the people committed to them the faith they must believe and put into practice, and by the light of the Holy Spirit illustrate that faith. They bring forth from the treasury of Revelation new things and old, making it bear fruit and vigilantly warding off any errors that threaten their flock. Bishops, teaching in communion with the Roman Pontiff, are to be respected by all as witnesses to divine and Catholic truth. In matters of faith and morals, the bishops speak in the name of Christ and the faithful are to accept their teaching and adhere to it with a religious assent. This religious submission of mind and will must be shown in a special way to the authentic magisterium of the Roman Pontiff, even when he is not speaking ex cathedra; that is, it must be shown in such a way that his supreme magisterium is acknowledged with reverence, the judgments made by him are sincerely adhered to, according to his manifest mind and will. His mind and will in the matter may be known either from the character of the documents, from his frequent repetition of the same doctrine, or from his manner of speaking” (Lumen Gentium  25).

Prof Felipe Aquino

Professor Felipe Aquino is a widower, father of five children. On TV Canção Nova he presents the program “Escola da Fé” [School of faith] and “Pergunte e Responderemos” [Ask and respond], on Radio he presents the program “in the heart of the Church”. On weekends he preaches deepening meetings throughout Brazil and abroad. He wrote 73 books of Catholic background by publishers, Loyola and Cleopas and Canção Nova. His teacher’s page:www.cleofas.com.br Twitter: @pfelipeaquino

 Posted by at 01:01
Nov 102017
 

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When a Pope solemnly proclaims a dogma, which is a very rare event, the infallibility exclusively applies to the final sentence: it does not apply to pro and con arguments and conclusions that may be inferred from the dogma. There is no uniform rule to the final written composition of a Dogmatic Document: Popes have been using terms like “We proclaim”, “We define”, “We decree”, “We declare” and so on.

Pope Pius IX proclaimed the dogma of the Immaculate Conception of Mary in his Dogmatic Bull “Ineffabilis Deus” of December 8, 1854 with these words:

“We declare, decree and define that the doctrine according to which the most Blessed Virgin Mary was, from the first moment of her conception, by a singular grace and privilege of almighty God and by virtue of the merits of Jesus Christ, Savior of the human race, preserved immune from all stain of original sin, was revealed by God and therefore all Christians must constantly and firmly believe in it.”

It is worth noticing that the Pope affirmed that this piece of truth was “revealed by God”, in other words, it has always existed in the Depositary of Faith although it is not explicitly worded in the Bible.

Pope Pius XII proclaimed the dogma of the Assumption of Mary to Heaven in the Apostolic Constitution “Munificientissimus Deus” of January 11, 1950. Before 36 Cardinals, 555 Patriarchs, Bishops, Archbishops and around a million faithful, Pius XII solemnly declared that:

After having once more lifted Our beseeches to God and invoked the lights of the Holy Spirit…We proclaim, declare and define as dogma of faith revealed by God that: the Immaculate Mother of God, Forever Virgin Mary, after having finished Her earthly days, was raised to Heavenly Glory in body and soul.”

In the text above the Pope repeats the expression “revealed by God”. How can God reveal an article of faith if it is not explicitly written in the Bible? Although it is not written in the Revelation of the Gospel, it belongs to the Oral Tradition of the Church. Those who reject this Oral Tradition miss an important part of God’s Revelation to mankind and consequently will have great difficulty in understanding this process.

Some of the Papal documents do not make it clear whether or not they contain a definition “ex-cathedra”: in cases like that, theologians admit that these documents are not compulsory sentences to Christian Faith, though Christians have the serious duty of believing in these statements because of their Shepherd’s authority.

Prof Felipe Aquino

Professor Felipe Aquino is a widower, father of five children. On TV Canção Nova he presents the program “Escola da Fé” [School of faith] and “Pergunte e Responderemos” [Ask and respond], on Radio he presents the program “in the heart of the Church”. On weekends he preaches deepening meetings throughout Brazil and abroad. He wrote 73 books of Catholic background by publishers, Loyola and Cleopas and Canção Nova. His teacher’s page:www.cleofas.com.br Twitter: @pfelipeaquino

 Posted by at 01:01
Oct 272017
 

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When the Church teaches us an article of Truth of Morals, that teaching is the outcome of a long deep study and analysis of the theme. First of all and before teaching us, the Church asks for enlightenment to the Holy Spirit. The truths that the Holy Spirit unveils to the Church are sometimes difficult to understand, especially to those who did not study theology. Nevertheless, that should not be a cause of mistrust and disagreement among Christians, due to the fact that these articles of Faith and Morals are dogmas. On the contrary, each and every teaching of the Ministry of the Church should be welcomed with gratitude and happiness and put into practice right away, as if Jesus Himself had given it to us.

“Whoever listens to you listens to me. Whoever rejects you rejects me. And whoever rejects me rejects the one who sent me” (Luke 10, 16).

Unfortunately, many insecure Catholics are shaken in their faith when people from different religions deny the truths of our faith, truths that are firmly consolidated in the Church. That should encourage all Catholics to plunge into a serious study of their faith. Saint Peter affirmed to the first Christians that:

“Finally, all of you, be of one mind, sympathetic, loving toward one another, compassionate, humble. Do not return evil for evil, or insult for insult; but, on the contrary, a blessing, because to this you were called, that you might inherit a blessing. For: “Whoever would love life and see good days must keep the tongue from evil and the lips from speaking deceit, must turn from evil and do good, seek peace and follow after it. For the eyes of the Lord are on the righteous and his ears turned to their prayer, but the face of the Lord is against evildoers.” Now who is going to harm you if you are enthusiastic for what is good? But even if you should suffer because of righteousness, blessed are you. Do not be afraid or terrified with fear of them, but sanctify Christ as Lord in your hearts. Always be ready to give an explanation to anyone who asks you for a reason for your hope, but do it with gentleness and reverence, keeping your conscience clear, so that, when you are maligned, those who defame your good conduct in Christ may themselves be put to shame. For it is better to suffer for doing good, if that be the will of God, than for doing evil” (The First Letter of Peter 3, 8-17).

I want to insist on this point: even if you do not understand quite well the teachings of the Church, you should always welcome them and try to understand their meaning. Cardinal Ratzinger, Mayor of the Congregation of Faith at the Vatican, affirmed that: “dogmas are not chains but rather windows open to the infinite”. Unfortunately, some modern theologians (perhaps more modern than theologians) hastily try to challenge everlasting dogmas and even contradict their truths.

It is important to realize that infallibility does not mean impeccability. We all know that the members of the Church commit sins, most of the times against their own will. Nevertheless, that has nothing to do with the Infallibility of the Principles of the Church, which are a matter of Doctrine and not a matter of personal behavior of the members of the Church. The Church is infallible concerning the guidance She gives to her children all through the pathways of the Saving Truth. Jesus sends His Holy Spirit to His Church to guarantee that the Pope shall not make Doctrinal mistakes, when the Pope teaches ex cathedra, which means in a definite and decisive way (N.T. ex cathedra, Latin = “from the chair”, with full authority, especially of papal pronouncement). The Pope teaches Articles of Faith and Morals to the Catholics in the name of the Church and always ex cathedra. Sins belong to mankind and Grace belongs to God.

Saint Augustine teaches us not to be discouraged in face of the sins of members and children of the Church:

“Do not be misled by that, dear brothers. If you do not want to be disappointed and if you want to sincerely love one another, then know that each and every state and profession of the Church has a good amount of fakers…There are false Christians but there are also many irreproachable ones.”

The Infallibility of the Church does not apply to scientific fields like Physics, Chemistry, Mathematics, Astronomy and so on. The Church receives the assistance of the Holy Spirit exclusively in questions of Faith and Morals, which by their own nature are definite and compulsory to the Faithful. They are equivalent to the Body of Dogmas proclaimed by the Popes or Councils with the Pope. For example, Pope Pius IX proclaimed the dogma of the Immaculate Conception of Our Lady in 1854. Pope Pius XII proclaimed the dogma of the Assumption of Our Lady in body and soul to Heaven in 1950. Pope John Paul II proclaimed the priestly Orders exclusively for men in irrevocable definite character in his Apostolic Letter “Ordinatio Sacerdotalis” on May 22, 1994. Concerning the priestly Orders, the Pope settled the matter with these words:

“In order to solve any doubts concerning that most important matter, that belongs to the very constitution of the divine Church, and due to my Ministry of Confirmation to my brothers (Luke 22, 32), I declare that the Church does not have by no means the right of granting priestly Orders to women, and that this sentence must be considered as definite by all of the Faithful of the Church.”

“Then an argument broke out among them about which of them should be regarded as the greatest. He said to them, “The kings of the Gentiles lord it over them and those in authority over them are addressed as ‘Benefactors’; but among you it shall not be so. Rather, let the greatest among you be as the youngest, and the leader as the servant. For who is greater: the one seated at table or the one who serves? Is it not the one seated at table? I am among you as the one who serves. It is you who have stood by me in my trials; and I confer a kingdom on you, just as my Father has conferred one on me, that you may eat and drink at my table in my kingdom; and you will sit on thrones judging the twelve tribes of Israel.  “Simon, Simon, behold Satan has demanded to sift all of you like wheat, but I have prayed that your own faith may not fail; and once you have turned back, you must strengthen your brothers” (Luke 22, 24-32).

The question of priestly Orders in the Church is thus closed and solved forever, because we have a “definite” statement of the Pope on the matter. Unfortunately, soon after the Pope’s statement, many members of the Church manifested their disapproval. The Sacred Congregation of Faith had to make a pronunciation and affirm that this is an ex cathedra definition issued by the Pope and therefore it cannot be contradicted or re-examined.

Professor Felipe Aquino

 

Professor Felipe Aquino is a widower, father of five children. On TV Canção Nova he presents the program “Escola da Fé” [School of faith] and “Pergunte e Responderemos” [Ask and respond], on Radio he presents the program “in the heart of the Church”. On weekends he preaches deepening meetings throughout Brazil and abroad. He wrote 73 books of Catholic background by publishers, Loyola and Cleopas and Canção Nova. His teacher’s page:www.cleofas.com.br Twitter: @pfelipeaquino

 Posted by at 01:01
Oct 202017
 

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During the unforgettable moment of the Last Supper, the Lord reaffirmed for the third time, in a stronger way, the infallibility of His Church:

“I have much more to tell you, but you cannot bear it now. But when he comes, the Spirit of truth, he will guide you to all truth. He will not speak on his own, but he will speak what he hears, and will declare to you the things that are coming. He will glorify me, because he will take from what is mine and declare it to you. Everything that the Father has is mine; for this reason I told you that he will take from what is mine and declare it to you” (John 16, 12-15).

What a wondrous promise Jesus made to His Church!

“But when he comes, the Spirit of truth, he will guide you to ALL truth.”

Jesus knew that at that momentous event of the Last Supper the Apostle had no psychological conditions of absorbing new information: “I have much more to tell you, but you cannot bear it now.” That clearly shows that Jesus did not teach everything to His Apostles, but He gave them His Holy Spirit to go on guiding them towards “all truth.”  As years and centuries went by, and thank to a great deal of prayers, meditation, Councils, trials and tribulation, the Holy Spirit slowly guided and still guides the Church towards the discovery of “all truth.” Not only a part of the truth, but THE WHOLE TRUTH.

Saint Vincent of Lerins (died 450 A.D.) affirmed that:

 

“It is necessary to grow, strive and thrive towards greater understanding, the science and wisdom of each and every one, not only individually but also the whole of the Church, as ages and centuries go by” (Communitorium).

We can clearly see that, in His last night before the Passion, at the solemn hour of His Farewell, Jesus guaranteed the infallible assistance of “the Spirit of Truth” to the Church, so that She could be always guided towards the truth and consequently be saved.

“And I will ask the Father, and he will give you another Advocate to be with you always, the Spirit of truth, which the world cannot accept, because it neither sees nor knows it. But you know it, because it remains with you, and will be in you. I will not leave you orphans; I will come to you” (John 14, 16-18).

The great Saint Irinaeus (died 202 A.D.), who combated with zeal the heresies of his time, affirms us that:

The preaching of the Gospel is true and firm, and it is the only pathway of salvation to the world. In fact, God entrusted His Light to the Church, and therefore His “wisdom”, through which He saves men… The Church proclaims the truth everywhere: She is the “seven golden lamp stands” (Revelation 2,1) that carry Christ’s Light…it is important to shelter in the Church and seek for education in Her Ministry, nourished by the Scriptures of the Lord. For the Church was placed by God in this world like a Paradise” (Against the heresies, book V, Chapter 20).

 

My Catholic brother, be sure that Jesus could not have left a bigger treasure to His Church than His doctrine, “the depositary of faith”, with the guarantee that it would never be corrupted because of the Assistance of the Holy Spirit.

That is the reason why we can guarantee, in the Name of the Holy Spirit, that the Catechism of the Church, the documents of the Councils and the teachings of the Popes are the pure truth of God. That is the reason why the Apostle guarantees us that:

“… You should know how to behave in the household of God, which is the church of the living God, the pillar and foundation of truth” (The First Letter to Timothy 3, 15).

Good Catholics, faithful and truly believing Catholics, cannot doubt anything that the Catholic Church teaches. Those who disagree with the official teachings of the Church are disobedient children. Disagreeing with the Church in central matters of faith is equivalent to disagreeing with Jesus and mistrusting the infallible assistance of His Holy Spirit to His Church. Jesus promised that to His Apostles. May that terrible temptation stay far away from us!

Professor Felipe Aquino is a widower, father of five children. On TV Canção Nova he presents the program “Escola da Fé” [School of faith] and “Pergunte e Responderemos” [Ask and respond], on Radio he presents the program “in the heart of the Church”. On weekends he preaches deepening meetings throughout Brazil and abroad. He wrote 73 books of Catholic background by publishers, Loyola and Cleopas and Canção Nova. His teacher’s page:www.cleofas.com.br Twitter: @pfelipeaquino

Sep 222017
 

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Saint Augustine (died 430 A.D.) recommended to young people of his time:

 

“It seems healthy to me to recommend this to studious, intelligent young people who are God-fearing and who seek a joyful blessed life: do not put your true happiness at risk with the excuse of looking for a merry life and do not harshly decide to venture on following any doctrine practised outside Christ’s Church.”

 

During the Last Supper, the last time Jesus gathered His Apostles before His Passion and Death, Jesus knew it was the time to bid them farewell and then He guaranteed them the infallibility to know and teach the Saving Truth.

Saint John describes all the events of that memorable Supper, in which the Lord gave mankind His Legacy of Priesthood and Eucharist, in his Gospel from Chapter 13 to 17. These five Chapters are of special importance because they represent “the last words and advice” that Jesus gave to His Church. It is easy to understand the sublime character of the Last Supper: at that holy night, the Lord guaranteed the infallibility of the Church at three different moments, according to Saint John’s words, who was present to the event. Jesus started by telling His Apostles that:

 

“If you love me, you will keep my commandments. And I will ask the Father, and he will give you another Advocate to be with you always, the Spirit of truth, which the world cannot accept, because it neither sees nor knows it. But you know it, because it remains with you, and will be in you. I will not leave you orphans; I will come to you” (John 14, 15-18).

Jesus could not have given a greater guarantee to His Church than giving His Own Spirit to Her as a legacy, the Spirit of truth. He affirmed He would “always” be with His Church, so how could She make a mistake in those matters essential for mankind’s salvation?

It is worth noticing that Jesus promised that He would give the Holy Spirit to the Church so that the Spirit would be “always” with Her. He guaranteed that He would stay with His Church and in His Church: “it remains with you, and will be in you.”

Jesus’ Promises to His Church are infallible because Jesus is neither a pretender nor a liar. At that memorable hour before His Passion, He was not playing jokes on His Apostles and His Church. He was saying farewell to them with His last and most important promises: soon after He would suffer His most painful Passion for the Love of His Church.

Unfortunately, spiritual pride and haughtiness blind the eyes of the soul and do not allow their victims to see this truth. The Church has never lost the possession of the Truth even in face of the sins of her children.

Professor Felipe Aquino

 

Professor Felipe Aquino is a widower, father of five children. On TV Canção Nova he presents the program “Escola da Fé” [School of faith] and “Pergunte e Responderemos” [Ask and respond], on Radio he presents the program “in the heart of the Church”. On weekends he preaches deepening meetings throughout Brazil and abroad. He wrote 73 books of Catholic background by publishers, Loyola and Cleopas and Canção Nova. His teacher’s page:www.cleofas.com.br Twitter: @pfelipeaquino

 Posted by at 01:01
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